Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis

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After reading and analysing individual sources, you have identified a key concept relating to your research topic as well as a key resource A relating to that concept.

How to Write a Medical Research Paper

The argument in resource A is supported by another article B , which is in turn supported by article D. However, you have also found article C, which contradicts the argument presented in resource A. One way to synthesise these texts, is to group together the texts supporting your key resource articles B and D , and explain that article C presents contradictory results. Then, you would need to examine the methodological differences or any other possible reasons for the contradictory results. Another way of managing sources and arguments presented in them is to use a literature review matrix also called synthesis matrix.

Class of 12222 - Thesis Research

Literature review matrix is a table in which you can represent the views, ideas, or data according to thematic categories that correspond to your research project. As you fill out your matrix, you will begin to get a clearer view of how different sources are related, and recognise patterns that may not have been immediately visible before.

For example, you may see a correlation between sample sizes and types of conclusions, or between specific kinds of aims and the methods chosen to address them. Because information is arranged in thematic columns, you can get a useful overview of all aims, or all methods at a glance. You can add new columns as your understanding improves. Thus the review matrix can also be a powerful tool for synthesising the patterns you identify across literature, and for formulating your own observations. Literature reviews exist within different types of scholarly works with varying foci and emphases.

Short or miniature literature reviews can be presented in journal articles, book chapters, or coursework assignments to set the background for the research work and provide a general understanding of the research topic.

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However, the focus of a literature review in a graduate research thesis is to identify gaps and argue for the need for further research. Depending on the purpose of the writer and the context in which the literature review will be presented, a selective or comprehensive approach may be taken. In the selective approach, a single or limited number of sources are reviewed e.

Planning a thesis by Medical Students

A comprehensive approach requires the review of numerous books and articles e. Within a thesis, a literature review may appear in a single chapter — often being the first independent chapter after the introduction. As a result, a thesis can contain multiple reviews based upon thematic, conceptual, theoretical and methodological considerations. What is the purpose of conducting a literature review? What function does a literature review serve within a thesis?

This is a cyclical process. It is usually one of the first tasks that graduate research students undertake, and one of the last to be completed. A literature review written in the early stages of research is likely to change because you need to review and revise it from time to time and ensure it is up to date. You will probably find yourself engaging with the literature in different ways at different stages of your research. The review you conduct in your first year helps you to refine and justify your research questions.

Your written report demonstrates your familiarity with the research in your field.

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Reviewing and revising your literature review during the period of your research is also necessary, to keep it up to date by including reviews of the most recent relevant publications. You will also need to revisit your literature review in the final stages of your research to relate your own findings to what other scholars have previously found in your area. Perhaps to be initially non-committal is an advantage. On the one hand, it goes without saying that you need a supervisor with the expertise in the subject in which you are interested, in order to complete your research successfully.

If you have a say in the matter, the departmental head or secretary can provide a list of academics within the department. It will be useful to check on their publications and to talk to their previous research students. This advice may appear peculiar, but if you do not feel convinced about the scientific ability and competence of your supervisor, it is unlikely that your project will proceed smoothly!

Individuals vary greatly in their approach to supervision. However, your supervisor may then have a more direct input into the ideas that you choose to pursue, and a closer micromanagement of your research direction. At the other extreme, supervisors may have relatively little contact with their research students, leaving much of the day-to-day development of their projects in the hands of postdoctoral research workers, particularly in large research groups. This may leave you more free to pursue some of your detailed interests, but you may then feel isolated in your work, and feel that this remoteness defeats the purpose of working with a particular individual!

The majority of supervisors are likely to pursue an intermediate course, taking greater interest in your initial development, and then leaving you with some freedom to chart your own detailed research direction.

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The backdrop behind the supervisor—student relationship is formed by particular features of his or her laboratory, and the department and university in which you work. These also vary greatly in the extent and nature of the institutional support they offer their students. This should include arrangements for some form of mentorship in which an additional faculty member can provide advice and encouragement and support.

More minor but useful means of assistance include support for travel costs to conferences at the departmental level.

How do I choose a good research topic for study?

This meeting will form a useful means of mutual assessment. Choosing a research topic The overall topic which you choose to research will depend on a number of factors 1. Your own interests and aspirations. Whether you prefer team vs. Facilities available in the department.

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  8. Whether you wish to work on experimental or human systems. However, it is not always possible to get very close to your true interest. This is usually due to limitations of physical, technical or academic expertise. In these cases, you need to weigh up the advantages of expertise with its greater guarantee of success and the potentially more exciting but dangerous individualism.

    Team vs. There are a wide range of research laboratories. Large teams often have nearly everyone working on the same project. Molecular biological research tends to be expensive and to involve large, salaried teams. At the other extreme, working in some areas of cellular electrophysiology involves groups of as few as one or two scientists, and entails a lonelier existence.

    However, the research tends to be inexpensive, and the resulting published work involves few authors. Your supervisor will also have a project in mind. The two may not always coincide. It is likely that both you and your supervisor will be constrained by research commitments that arise out of his funding. As your work and reading progress, you will acquire the knowledge and skills to become more independent. Most supervisors will encourage this independence at the appropriate time. In this way, the relationship between research supervisor and student is very much like a parent—child one.

    Most initial decisions and overall care, including funding and housing, are provided by the parent. As the child matures, he is able to make more of his own decisions and please his parents with signs of independence. Conversely, the child will be more productive and less obstreperous if given the freedom at the correct time to pursue his own interests. The relationship may then become synergistic, in which both parties learn and gain from the relationship. The parent—child analogy follows through many aspects of the supervisor—supervisee relationship, including an occasional lack of objectivity on the part of both the student and the supervisor!

    Considering the facilities available However good your reason for wishing to pursue a particular area, this will be frustrated if your research group does not have the requisite facilities, background or personnel. Your research area will consequently be affected by a number of practical limitations.

    These include the following: 1. Laboratory workshop facilities. A limited number of these whether providing mechanical, electrical engineering or tissue culture support , will be available and well established in your laboratory. Expertise available. Quite clearly, it would be most prudent to work on areas where your supervisor and his colleagues have experience and expertise. At all events, major departures from this norm must not be undertaken lightly and are risky for the inexperienced scientist. Time available.

    It is unrealistic to expect to develop a substantial new technique in a limited time. In contrast, someone holding a longer-term position may try projects in areas in which the research group may not have experience. Cost and funding. Your own expertise. Under certain circumstances, you may have already acquired expertise in a particular technique elsewhere. You might then consider trying such a technique even if this is novel to your present research group.

    You will need something or someone upon which to conduct your research. In general terms, medical research can be conducted on 1 cells and tissues, 2 animals, or 3 humans. Different departments or laboratories will have different capacities in these areas. Human medical research Research involving humans is often thought to be the most obviously applicable to clinical medicine. There are several approaches to studying human populations. Observation or intervention.

    Thesis argument maps

    Population studies. A study may describe a single case of a given condition or treatment e. Prospective or retrospective trials. A prospective study makes an initial assessment on a given population and then follows up the same group over a period of time.

    Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis
    Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis
    Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis
    Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis
    Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis
    Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis
    Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis Research in Medicine: Planning A Project - Writing A Thesis

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