The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series)


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The city of Tiphsah v. The territory described did not lie within the geographic borders of Israel. The figure of 4, stalls of horses 2 Chron. These were Solomon's weapons.

Prophetic Fulfillment of the Biblical Feasts

Here is more evidence that God gave Solomon wisdom Heb. He was one of the outstanding sages of the ancient world.

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Even though he possessed this ability he did not always choose to use it. He made some very foolish decisions in his lifetime. The men of the East cf. Job and Egypt v. Solomon's literary output was prolific v. His name appears on two of the psalms in the Book of Psalms Ps. Verse 34 is hyperbole. The writer meant that Solomon's court was open to all and that as a wise man he attracted many important visitors. Verse 26 says that "Solomon had 40, stalls of horses for his chariots.

Three horses were considered a chariot team and would have been quartered together. So "4," would be about the number of horses that Solomon needed. This chapter shows God's response to Solomon's dedication to Yahweh Even though Solomon was God's elect, he had the opportunity either to respond properly to God's grace, and experience further blessing, or to respond improperly to it and experience chastening.

This is a choice God gives all His elect. Solomon made the wise choice at first but later did not do as well. Solomon's descendant, Jesus Christ, made the perfect response. Solomon's outstanding contribution to the nation of Israel, I believe, was the provision he made for her spiritual strength. The writer of Kings gave this much emphasis in his book. People generally regarded their king as the representative, son, and vice-regent of their chief god in the ancient Near East.

People also viewed the temples of the gods as the palaces of those beings and regarded the magnificence of their houses as a reflection of their personal greatness. The temple represented the god. This would have enabled Israel to better fulfill the purpose for which God had raised her up, namely, to bring people to God Exod. Hiram probably reigned from about B. Tyre was an important Mediterranean Sea port in Phoenicia north of Israel.

Sidon v. Cedar v. The fact that Hiram cooperated with and even blessed Yahweh v. The covenant between Israel and Phoenicia v. Scripture says, 'Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers' II Cor. The principle does not apply in this case, however. Solomon did not join in a partnership with Hiram to build the temple. Solomon built it and merely purchased material and hired workers from Hiram.

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Solomon's forced laborers were non-Israelites 2 Chron. Israelites also served, but they were not slaves Solomon's method of providing workers for state projects became very distasteful to the people eventually, perhaps because of how it was administered cf. Solomon's temple rested on massive limestone blocks that he had quarried out of the hills north of Jerusalem v. The Gebelites v. The main emphasis in this chapter is on the favorable response of the Phoenician king, Hiram, with which God blessed Israel through Solomon's wisdom v. Solomon wrote that "when a person's ways please the Lord, He makes even his enemies to be at peace with him" Prov.

Such was God's blessing on Solomon at this time. After arrangements for building the temple were in order, construction began.

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This building took seven years to complete v. The size is approximately the same; it consists of two chambers, the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place; and it clearly accommodated cultic features like those described in the Bible. Thus the notion that Israel had a temple in the tenth century rests on firm ground.

Verse 1 is one of the most important verses in the Old Testament chronologically.


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The dates of Solomon's reign B. They rest on references that other ancient Near Eastern king lists corroborate. According to this verse the Exodus took place in or B. Most conservative scholars who take statements in Scripture like this verse seriously hold this date for the Exodus. The more popular date of about B. Those who hold this view believe historical similarities between conditions during Ramses' reign and the biblical description of the Exodus support their theory. They usually take the years as a round number representing 12 generations, or as having been arrived at by adding up the lengths of various concurrent or overlapping periods, as though they were placed in one lineal string of years.

There are some first-rate otherwise conservative scholars who hold the later date. Why did the writer of Kings tie the building of the temple to the Exodus?

Theologies of the Psalms

It was evidently for the reason explained above. With the building of the temple Israel would have an opportunity as never before in her history to realize the purpose for which God had formed and freed the nation. That purpose was to draw all people to Himself. Josephus tied the beginning of temple construction to several other important events in Old Testament history, though his computations do not seem to be correct.

Now that year on which the temple began to be built, was already the eleventh year of the reign of Hiram; but from the building of Tyre to the building of the temple, there had passed two hundred and forty years. Even though we have some information about the general specifications and appearance of the temple, the omission of other data makes the reproduction of a complete detailed model impossible.

Essentially it followed the pattern of both the Mosaic tabernacle and other ancient Near Eastern temples. The temple was approximately 90 feet long, 30 feet wide, and 45 feet high v. It had about 2, square feet of floor space. Its large open front porch added 15 more feet to its length.

It was about twice the size of the Mosaic tabernacle, three times as high, and it faced east, as did the tabernacle and other ancient Near Eastern temples. Solomon's temple was similar to other ancient Near Eastern temples in both size and design. The exterior of the temple was limestone, cedar, and gold, so it must have been extremely beautiful. On two or three sides there were narrow clerestory windows above the three stories of side rooms that projected from the outer walls.

The priests used these side rooms for storage and service purposes. They were apparently smallest on the first floor where there were also hallways and stairways, larger on the second floor that also had halls and stairs, and largest on the third floor. The walls may have narrowed as they ascended from floor to floor. Measurements in the text are probably inside dimensions. Josephus' descriptions of the temple's dimensions appear to be inaccurate and confusing.

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The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit?…

For example:. Above these were other rooms, and others above them, equal, both in their measures and number; so that these reached to a height equal to the lower part of the house … and truly every one of these rooms had a roof of their own, that was not connected with the other rooms …" []. Josephus also wrote that there was another building over the temple, equal to it in its dimensions, and that the entire height of the complex was cubits. Evidently Solomon wanted to preserve the sanctity of the temple even while it was under construction by eliminating as much noise as possible v.

Probably this word from the Lord came to Solomon during temple construction. Note that this was a conditional promise based on obedience to the Mosaic Covenant. God would establish Solomon's kingdom forever i. He would also continue to dwell among the Israelites and not forsake them.

Unfortunately, because Solomon did not continue to obey the covenant completely, God divided his kingdom after he died. Because the nation forsook the covenant, God ceased to dwell among the people and forsook them temporarily to captivity cf.

The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series) The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series)
The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series) The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series)
The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series) The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series)
The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series) The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series)
The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series) The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series)
The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series) The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series)
The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series) The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series)
The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series) The Royal God: Enthronement Festivals in Ancient Israel and Ugarit (JSOT Supplement Series)

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